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Iskalni niz: "ključne besede" (Quercus petraea) .

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1.
Pseudodidymella fagi in Slovenia : first report and expansion of host range
Nikica Ogris, Ana Brglez, Barbara Piškur, 2019

Povzetek: The fungus Pseudodidymella fagi is spreading in Europe and causing leaf blotch of European beech, Fagus sylvatica. Between 2008 and 2017, outbreaks of P. fagi were observed on European beech in Switzerland, Germany (also on F. orientalis), Austria, and Slovakia. In Slovenia, leaf blotch symptoms were first observed on F. sylvatica in 2018. P. fagi was identified as the causal agent of the observed symptoms in Slovenia by morphological examinations together with sequencing of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of the rDNA. This study links the fungus to the expansion of the known distribution of the disease to Slovenia, and based on in vitro pathogenicity trials, also to a new potential host, Quercus petraea. The pathogenicity tests confirmed F. sylvatica and F. orientalis as hosts for P. fagi, but not Castanea sativa, where pathogenicity to F. orientalis was proved for first time in vitro. Although Koch%s postulates could not be proven for C. sativa, it seems to be partially susceptible in vitro because some of the inoculation points developed lesions. Additionally, damage to Carpinus betulus related to P. fagi near heavily infected beech trees was observed in vivo but was not tested in laboratory trials. Based on the results and our observations in the field, it is likely that P. fagi has a wider host range than previously thought and that we might be witnessing host switching.
Ključne besede: Pycnopleiospora fagi, leaf blotch, pathogenicity test, inoculation test, Fagus orientalis, Fagus sylvatica, Quercus petraea, mycopappus-like propagule, Carpinus betulus, host switching
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 23.08.2019; Ogledov: 675; Prenosov: 387
URL Celotno besedilo (0,00 KB)
Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

2.
A study of important entomofauna in oak forests of Slovenia
Miroslav Harapinov, Maja Jurc, 2000

Povzetek: Insects in 9 research areas in pedunculate oak and sessile oak forests in Slovenia have been studied. We identified 35 insect species as well as two genera from 13 families. The defoliation of oak leaves in studied forests was between 10 and 90 %. More than 80 % of the defoliation was caused by mottled umber and winter moth (Erannis defoliaria Cl., Operophthera brumata L.). Leaf-roll moths are an important group of pests of oak leaves and acorns. The most numerous is the green leaf-roll moth, Tortrix viridana L., followed by Archips crataegana Hb., Laspeyresia splendana Hb. and Laspeyresia amplana Hb. The ratio of appearance of oak sawflies (Apethymus abdominalis Lep. and Apethymus braccatus Gmel.) was 9 : 1. During the past 10 years, oak miner (Tischeria complanella Hb.) has attacked young oak trees heavily. Acorn destroyers (Balaninus glandium Mrsh. and Balaninus nucum L.) were important acorn pests. During the gradation of defoliators in the Prekmurje region of Slovenia there was an increased population density of their predators, such asground beetles and burying beetles (Calosoma sycophanta L., Calosoma inquisitor L., Carabus spp., Xylodrepa quadripunctata L. We can confirm that the health of oak forests in Slovenia is better than in Croatia and southeastern Europe.
Ključne besede: dob, Quercus robur, graden, Quercus petraea, gozdarska entomologija, Insecta, žuželka, škodljivec, entomofauna, Slovenija, pedunculate oak, Quercus robur, sessile oak, Quercus petraea, forest entomology, Insecta, entomofauna, Slovenija
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 12.07.2017; Ogledov: 1270; Prenosov: 244
URL Celotno besedilo (0,00 KB)
Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

3.
Vloga fitinske kisline pri shranjevanju želoda gradna (Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl.)
Sašo Žitnik, Hojka Kraigher, 1999

Povzetek: Cilj raziskave je razviti nove postopke daljšega shranjevanja gradnovega želoda, ki bi bili poceni in praktični, saj je z zdaj znanimi metodami zaradi rekalcitrantnosti želoda možno shranjevati le nekaj mesecev. Raziskovanje sloni na hipotezi, da je vitalnost želoda po daljšem shranjevanju v pozitivni korelaciji z vsebnostjo fitinske kisline v njem, kar je v pozitivni korelaciji z vsebnostjo razpoložljivega fosforja v tleh. Poskus je zastavljen kot študija enega primera na dveh izbranih ploskvah, poraslih z gradnom. Ploskvi se bistveno razlikujeta po vsebnosti celotnega fosforja v listih, kar smo uporabili kot kazalec razpoložljivega fosforja v tleh. Želod smo nabrali na ploskvah oktobra 1997. Nato je bil shranjen 9 mesecev, do avgusta 1998. Pred shranjevanjem in nato vsake tri mesece smo opravili naslednje analize: vlažnost in kalivost želoda, vsebnost hranil (P, K, Ca, Mg) in vsebnost fitinske kisline. Pokazalo se je, da je na ploskvi z večjo vsebnostjo celotnega fosforja v listih tudi večja vsebnost celotnega fosforja v želodu. Na tej ploskvi je tudi večja vsebnost fitinske kisline v želodu, hkrati pa je večja njegova kalivost. Vendar so razlike opazne samo na začetku shranjevanja,nato postopoma izginejo. Rezultati kažejo, da bi lahko obstajala pozitivna korelacija med vitalnostjo želoda po daljšem času shranjevanja, vsebnostjo fitinske kisline v njem in vsebnostjo fosforja v tleh, vendar dosedanji rezultati niso pokazali statistično značilnih razlik.
Ključne besede: semenarstvo, želod, graden, Quercus petraea (Matt.(Liebl.)), shranjevanje, fitinska kislina, fosfor, kalivost, Slovenija
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 12.07.2017; Ogledov: 1201; Prenosov: 255
URL Celotno besedilo (0,00 KB)
Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

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Effect of spatial scale and harvest on heterogeneity of forest floor CO2 efflux in a sessile oak forest
Eva Dařenová, Matjaž Čater, 2020

Povzetek: Soil respiration is the second largest flux of carbon between terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere and it is substantially sensitive to climate change. Monitoring CO2 efflux and its upscaling from field measurements to the ecosystem level is a complex task, due to the high spatial and temporal variability of the fluxes. Human intervention, e.g. through forest harvest, may change both CO2 efflux and its spatial heterogeneity. The objective of our study was to quantify spatial heterogeneity of soil CO2 efflux within and among plots distributed within a topographically variable sessile oak forest stand before and after harvesting. Forest floor CO2 efflux, soil temperature and soil water content were measured monthly in a sessile oak forest during two growing seasons: one before and one after harvesting. Stand structure characteristics (gap fraction, leaf area index, tree number and size) and the amount of understory also were determined. Relationships between individual variables and spatial heterogeneity were analyzed. The small-scale spatial heterogeneity (expresses as the coefficient of variation) of forest floor CO2 efflux and soil water content (SWC) in the undisturbed forest was low, at maximum 0.22 and 0.13, respectively. Studied variables had no effect on spatial heterogeneity of forest floor CO2 efflux except for the amount of understorey vegetation which positively correlated with forest floor CO2 efflux. Although the studied forest was situated in topographically variable terrain, we observed that inter-plot heterogeneity of forest floor CO2 efflux was lower than that within plots. Stand harvest increased the intra-plot heterogeneity of forest floor CO2 efflux but did not affect the inter-plot heterogeneity. This leads to the conclusion that the number of positions within an individual plot should increase after harvest but the number of plots may remain unchanged to determine adequately ecosystem forest floor CO2 efflux.
Ključne besede: gap fraction, LAI, Quercus petraea, soil respiration, soil water content
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 20.02.2020; Ogledov: 154; Prenosov: 77
URL Celotno besedilo (0,00 KB)

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