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Vpliv vremenskih razmer na lesno-anatomske značilnosti pri puhastem hrastu s Podgorskega Krasa
Martina Lavrič, Jožica Gričar, 2016

Povzetek: V okviru raziskave smo se osredotočili na vpliv vremenskih dejavnikov na lesno-anatomske značilnosti puhastega hrasta (Quercus pubescens Willd.), ki je ena od dominantnih domorodnih drevesnih vrst v slovenskem Submediteranu. V obdobju 2009%2014 smo raziskali povezave med različnimi lesno-anatomskimi parametri (končna širina branike, širina kasnega in ranega lesa ter premer, površina in število trahej ranega lesa) in vremenskimi dejavniki (padavine, temperatura in vsebnost vode v tleh). Zanimal nas je tudi potencial izbranih lesno-anatomskih parametrov ter komplementarnost oziroma enakovrednost le-teh za proučevanje podnebja na Podgorskem krasu. Preliminarni rezultati so pokazali, da so bili anatomski parametri povezani predvsem s temperaturo. Širina ranega lesa in površina trahej ranega lesa sta bili pozitivno povezani z maksimalno temperaturo, število trahej v ranem lesu in širina lesne branike pa pozitivno povezana s povprečno temperaturo v obdobju pred in na začetku kambijeve aktivnosti (januar%maj). To nakazuje, da vremenske razmere v navedenem obdobju pomembno vplivajo na hidravlične lastnosti ksilema. Pri širini kasnega lesa smo ugotovili največ povezav s temperaturo v poletnih mesecih, pri trahejah ranega lesa pa s temperaturo v obdobju januar%april. Vpliva padavin na razvoj ksilemske branike z našimi rezultati nismo potrdili. Ugotovili smo, da so širina kasnega lesa in značilnosti trahej ranega lesa primerni lesno-anatomski parametri, ki vsebujejo komplementarne informacije o vplivu vremenskih razmer na debelinsko rast puhastega hrasta. Poudariti je treba, da so bile naše analize opravljene v razmeroma kratkem časovnem obdobju in da bi bile za natančnejše rastno-podnebne zveze potrebne dodatne dolgoletne študije.
Ključne besede: Quercus pubescens, kras, vreme, anatomija lesa, lesna branika, kasni les, rani les, traheja
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 06.03.2017; Ogledov: 3254; Prenosov: 208
.pdf Celotno besedilo (913,15 KB)

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Post-fire effects on development of leaves and secondary vascular tissues in Quercus pubescens
Jožica Gričar, Polona Hafner, Martina Lavrič, Mitja Ferlan, Nives Ogrinc, Bor Krajnc, Klemen Eler, Dominik Vodnik, 2020

Povzetek: An increased frequency of fire events on the Slovenian Karst is in line with future climate-change scenarios for drought-prone environments worldwide. It is therefore of the utmost importance to better understand tree-fire-climate interactions for predicting the impact of changing environment on tree functioning. To this purpose, we studied the post-fire effects on leaf development, leaf carbon isotope composition (%13C), radial growth patterns and the xylem and phloem anatomy in undamaged (H-trees) and fire-damaged trees (F-trees) of Q. pubescens with good re-sprouting ability in spring 2017, the growing season after a rangeland fire in August 2016. We found that the fully developed canopy of F-trees reached only half of the LAI values measured in H-trees. Throughout the season, F-trees were characterised by higher water potential and stomatal conductivity and achieved higher photosynthetic rates compared to unburnt H-trees. The foliage of F-trees had more negative %13C values than those of H-trees. This reflects that F-trees less frequently meet stomatal limitations due to reduced transpirational area and more favourable leaf-to-root ratio. In addition, the growth of leaves in F-trees relied more on the recent photosynthates than on reserves due to the fire disturbed starch accumulation in the previous season. Cambial production stopped 3 weeks later in F-trees, resulting in 60% and 22% wider xylem and phloem increments, respectively. A novel approach by including phloem anatomy in the analyses revealed that fire caused changes in conduit dimensions in the early phloem but not in the earlywood. However, premature formation of the tyloses in the earlywood vessels of the youngest two xylem increments in F-trees implies that xylem hydraulic integrity was also affected by heat. Analyses of secondary tissues showed that although xylem and phloem tissues are interlinked changes in their transport systems due to heat damage are not necessarily coordinated.
Ključne besede: pubescent oak, cambium, radial growth, xylem, phloem, anatomy, sub-Mediterranean
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 19.03.2020; Ogledov: 275; Prenosov: 134
URL Celotno besedilo (0,00 KB)
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