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Mobilnost v urbanem prostoru
Martin Miklavc, 2010

DiRROS - Objavljeno: 29.04.2016; Ogledov: 924; Prenosov: 55
URL Celotno besedilo (0,00 KB)Gradivo je zbirka in zajema 1 gradivo!

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Influence of microwave heating in wood preservation on traditional surface coatings
Franc Pohleven, Marko Petrič, Matjaž Pavlič, Martin Klinc, 2017

Povzetek: Microwaves are very effective at wood pest eradication. However, elevated temperatures may pose a risk of damaging surface coatings used on cultural and historical artefacts. Therefore, we monitored changes in patterns of the original paint taken from such objects along with newly prepared coatings. We evaluated visual, mechanical, and chemical modifications of coatings when exposed to microwaves (750W, 2.4GHz), at 60°C or 80°C for 10 min. Whether old or new, only water-based coatings have proven to be resistant to elevated temperatures and no damage was observed at 80°C. Blisters have formed on layers of new oil paints and natural resins due to insufficiently cured film. Temperatures above 80°C may cause melting of coniferous wood resin and thus transport of resin to the surface; on the other hand, temperatures up to 60°C are completely harmless. Mechanical and chemical changes of coatings exposed to microwaves were not observed, but the studies showed that colour and gloss exhibited minor changes.
Ključne besede: wood, wood coatings, wood protection, microwaves, heating
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 03.07.2017; Ogledov: 1261; Prenosov: 138
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,63 MB)

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Effect of temperature on the eradication of house longhorn beetle larvae in wood by microwave treatment
Franc Pohleven, Martin Klinc, 2017

Povzetek: In repressive protection of cultural/historical woodwork, microwaves have many advantages over conventional heating. The research%s objective was to examine conditions for eradication of house longhorn beetle larvae (Hylotrupes bajulus) in spruce wood (Picea abies) using microwaves. Larvae, inserted at different depths of spruce blocks containing 12% and 42% of moisture, were exposed to microwaves. Two apparatuses were used; a 750W commercial microwave chamber and a newly developed horn antenna microwave device with the power of 800W and a frequency of 2.45GHz, for targeted radiation. We discovered that the inner part of wood warmed up quicker than the surface heated to 65°C. For successful suppression larvae in the wood need to be heated to 54.5°C, for 10 seconds. The necessary exposure time increases with increasing thickness of wood. The surface of wood containing more moisture is heated quicker, but increased moisture slows down the penetration of microwaves into the wood specimen. Therefore, larvae in wood of lower moisture (12%) died faster, both those 20mm under surface (1.5min) and those at 130 mm of depth (10.5min).
Ključne besede: wooden objects, repressive wood protection, microwaves, heating, wood moisture content, house longhorn beetle, Hylotrupes bajulus
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 25.10.2017; Ogledov: 877; Prenosov: 87
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,52 MB)

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Upornostni merilnik drevesne kondicije in biološkega razkroja lesa : industrijsko razvojni projekt

Ključne besede: instrumenti, drevesna kondicija, električna upornost, meritve, les
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 12.07.2017; Ogledov: 721; Prenosov: 41
URL Celotno besedilo (0,00 KB)
Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

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Zgradba reakcijskih con pri bukvi (Fagus sylvatica L.)
Primož Oven, Martin Zupančič, Maks Merela, Niko Torelli, 2004

Povzetek: Pri bukvi (Fagus sylvatica L.) smo raziskovali mejne kompartmentalizacijske plasti izvotljenih ter razkrajajočih se debelnih sredic. Mejne plasti pri vsehpreiskanih drevesih anatomsko ustrezajo reakcijskim conam in ne bariernim conam kot jih predpostavlja model CODIT. V osrednjem delu reakcijske cone so bile traheje intenzivno okludirane z gumoznimi snovmi in suberiziranimi tilami. Lumni trakovnega in aksialnega parenhima, vlaknastih traheid in vse pikenjske odprtine so bili zapolnjeni z netopnimi depoziti. Za notranji del reakcijskih con je značilen razkroj celičnih sten in depozitov, suberizirane strukture pa so ostale nespremenjene. Pri reakcijskih conah, ki mejijo neposredno na duplino, je ta del manjkal, na površini reakcijske cone v duplini so vidna trosišča gliv. Povečana količina škroba v parenhimskih celicah in različne razvojne faze til v zunanjem delu reakcijske cone kažejo na aktivne kompartmentalizacijske procese. Aktivna obrambna in pasivna zaščitna funkcija reakcijskih con v živem drevesu sta podrobneje analizirani.Compartmentalization boundary layers surrounding hollow and decaying stem cores were investigated in beech (Fagus sylvatica L.). In all investigated trees, boundary layers corresponded anatomically to the reaction zones and notto the barrier zones as proposed by the CODIT model. In the central part ofreaction zones, vessels were heavily occluded with deposits of gums and suberised tyloses, whereas the lumina of ray and axial parenchyma, fibre tracheids and all pit apertures were filed with insoluble deposits. The inner part of reaction zones exhibited decay of cell walls and deposits, leaving suberized structures intact. This part was absent in the reaction zones bordering directly on the hollow, although fungal fruit bodies were present onthe surface of the reaction zone. Increased amount of starch grains and different growing stages of tyloses in the outer part of reaction zones indicated active compartmentalization processes. The paper discusses in detailthe active defensive and passive protective function of reaction zones in the living trees.
Ključne besede: bukev, Fagus sylvatica L, razkroj, izvotlitvena drevesa, dupline, kompartmentalizacija, reakcijska cona
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 12.07.2017; Ogledov: 720; Prenosov: 55
URL Celotno besedilo (0,00 KB)
Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

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Odziv kambija navadne smreke (Picea abies) na ogrevanje in hlajenje debla
Jožica Gričar, Martin Zupančič, Katarina Čufar, Primož Oven, 2004

Povzetek: Proučili smo vpliv eksperimentalnega ogrevanja in hlajenja dela debla navadne smreke (Picea abies) na kambijevo aktivnost in celično diferenciacijo. Poskusasta potekala 30 dni; ogrevanje od 29.3.2004 do 3.5.2004, hlajenje pa od14.6.2004 do 20.7.2004. Vzorce floema, kambija in ksilema smo iz dreves odvzeli vsakih 10 dni, pripravili prečne prereze tkiv in preparate opazovali ssvetlobnim mikroskopom. Lokalno ogrevanje je po 10 dneh induciralo delitveno aktivnost kambija na floemsko stran, po 20 dneh pa tudi na ksilemsko. Po 30 dneh je pri ogrevanem vzorcu nastalo do 15 celic ranega lesa. V tem času se jeredna delitvena aktivnost kambija pri kontrolnem drevesu šele začela. Odziv kambija na hlajenje debla je bil manj izrazit. Anatomskih razlik med kontrolnim in hlajenim vzorcem po 10 in 20 dneh ni bilo. Po 30 dneh je pri hlajenem vzorcu začel nastajati kasni les, pri kontrolnem drevesu pa šele prehodni rani-kasni les. S poskusom smo demonstrirali, da je mogoče pri smrekiz umetnim ogrevanjem in hlajenjem debla vplivati na ksilo- in floemogenezo.
Ključne besede: navadna smreka, Picea abies, kambij, celična diferenciacija, ksilem, floem, ogrevanje, hlajenje, svetlobna mikroskopija, Norway spruce, cambium, cell differentiation, xylem, phloem, heating, cooling, light microscopy
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 12.07.2017; Ogledov: 757; Prenosov: 58
URL Celotno besedilo (0,00 KB)
Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

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