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A study of important entomofauna in oak forests of Slovenia
Miroslav Harapinov, Maja Jurc, 2000

Abstract: Insects in 9 research areas in pedunculate oak and sessile oak forests in Slovenia have been studied. We identified 35 insect species as well as two genera from 13 families. The defoliation of oak leaves in studied forests was between 10 and 90 %. More than 80 % of the defoliation was caused by mottled umber and winter moth (Erannis defoliaria Cl., Operophthera brumata L.). Leaf-roll moths are an important group of pests of oak leaves and acorns. The most numerous is the green leaf-roll moth, Tortrix viridana L., followed by Archips crataegana Hb., Laspeyresia splendana Hb. and Laspeyresia amplana Hb. The ratio of appearance of oak sawflies (Apethymus abdominalis Lep. and Apethymus braccatus Gmel.) was 9 : 1. During the past 10 years, oak miner (Tischeria complanella Hb.) has attacked young oak trees heavily. Acorn destroyers (Balaninus glandium Mrsh. and Balaninus nucum L.) were important acorn pests. During the gradation of defoliators in the Prekmurje region of Slovenia there was an increased population density of their predators, such asground beetles and burying beetles (Calosoma sycophanta L., Calosoma inquisitor L., Carabus spp., Xylodrepa quadripunctata L. We can confirm that the health of oak forests in Slovenia is better than in Croatia and southeastern Europe.
Keywords: dob, Quercus robur, graden, Quercus petraea, gozdarska entomologija, Insecta, žuželka, škodljivec, entomofauna, Slovenija, pedunculate oak, Quercus robur, sessile oak, Quercus petraea, forest entomology, Insecta, entomofauna, Slovenija
DiRROS - Published: 12.07.2017; Views: 1019; Downloads: 80
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3.
Morfološka analiza puhastega hrasta (Quercus pubescens Willd.) v Sloveniji
Mateja Jerše, Franc Batič, 2007

Abstract: Z raziskavo smo poskusili ovrednotiti morfološke raznolikosti puhastega hrasta(Quercus pubescens Willd.) v Sloveniji. Raznolikost je posledica pestrosti rastišč in možnosti križanja z drugimi vrstami hrastov. Rezultati analize so bili dobljeni na osnovi meritev in opazovanja listov, plodov in kratkih poganjkov puhastegarasta, vzorčenih v osmih populacijah po Sloveniji. Na posamezni lokaciji je bilo izbranih do pet dreves in na posameznem drevesu nabranih do sto listov s kratkih poganjkov v osvetljenem delu krošnje. Na osebkih s plodovi so bili nabrani tudi plodovi. V laboratoriju je bilo na listih izmerjenih, ocenjenih in izračunanih 13 parametrov, na plodovih in kratkih poganjkih pa po en parameter. Uporabljene so bile deskriptivne, univariatne in multivariatne statistične metode za izvrednotenje rezultatov. Analize morfoloških parametrov so pokazale značilne razlike tako med posameznimi osebki v populacijah kot med populacijami. Ugotovljeno je bilo tudi, da vrsto Q. virgiliana (Ten.) Ten. lahko obravnavamo znotraj vrste Q. pubescens.
Keywords: puhasti hrast, Quercus pubescens Willd., Quercus virgiliana (Ten.), morfologija, listi, plodovi, Slovenija, oak, morphology, leaf, fruit, Slovenia
DiRROS - Published: 12.07.2017; Views: 1079; Downloads: 113
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4.
Effect of soil water availability on intra-annual xylem and phloem formation and non-structural carbohydrate pools in stem of Quercus pubescens
Jožica Gričar, Saša Zavadlav, Tuula Jyske, Martina Lavrič, Tapio Laakso, Polona Hafner, Klemen Eler, Dominik Vodnik, 2019

Abstract: Non-structural carbohydrates (NSCs, i.e., starch and soluble sugars) are frequently quantified in the context of tree response to stressful events (e.g., drought), because they serve as a carbon reservoir for growth and respiration, as well as providing a critical osmotic function to maintain turgor and vascular transport under different environmental conditions. We investigated the impact of soil water availability on intra-annual leaf phenology, radial growth dynamics and variation in NSC amounts in the stem of pubescent oak (Quercus pubescens Willd.). from a sub-Mediterranean region. For this purpose, trees growing at two nearby plots differing in bedrock and, consequently, soil characteristics (F-eutric cambisol on eocene flysch bedrock and L-rendzic leptosol on paleogenic limestone bedrock) were sampled. Non-structural carbohydrates were analysed in outer xylem and living phloem (separately for non-collapsed and collapsed parts). Results showed that xylem and phloem increments were 41.6 % and 21.2 %, respectively, wider in trees from F plot due to a higher rate of cell production. In contrast, the amount of NSCs and of soluble sugars significantly differed among the tissue parts and sampling dates but not between the two plots. Starch amounts were the highest in xylem, which could be explained by the abundance of xylem parenchyma cells. Two clear seasonal peaks of the starch amount were detected in all tissues, the first in September%November, in the period of leaf colouring and falling, and the second in March-April, i.e., at the onset of cambial cell production followed by bud development. The amounts of free sugars were highest in inner phloem + cambium, at the sites of active growth. Soil water availability substantially influenced secondary growth in the stem of Q. pubescens, whereas NSC amounts seemed to be less affected. The results show how the intricate relationships between soil properties, such as water availability, and tree performance should be considered when studying the impact of stressful events on the growth and functioning of trees.
Keywords: cambium, free sugars, pubescent oak, radial growth, starch
DiRROS - Published: 20.02.2020; Views: 1; Downloads: 1
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