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Query: "author" (Matjaž Čater) .

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21.
Mortality and crown conditions on Quercus robur L. permanent plots - a 20-year overview
Matjaž Čater, 2014

Abstract: Pedunculate oak (Quercus robur L.) forests in Slovenia are experiencing widespread mortality. Changes in lowlands are reflected in decline of complete forest complexes, high mortality, uneven stand structure and associated forest regeneration problems. Prediction of the present-tree response in disturbed forest ecosystems may significantly contribute to better guideline policies for the silvicultural and forest management practice in the changing environment in both stressed and stabile forest ecosystems. Data from annual crown condition surveys in the 1995-2014 period from four permanent plots have been compared with parameters from hemispherical photo analysis and hydrometeorological data. Good agreement has been confirmed between crown defoliation and total openness; all parameters from the hemispherical photo analysis, which were corrected for winter period values, also indicated a better agreement. Mortality rate and crown defoliation correlated well with extreme drought events. Pattern of agreement among compared parameters was different for the Krakovski gozd and Dobrava plots on one hand and Cigonca and Hraščica plots on the other hand. Mortality is influenced by the average air temperatures much more than by precipitation and groundwater table oscillations
DiRROS - Published: 12.07.2017; Views: 1076; Downloads: 479
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22.
Beech and silver fir's response along the Balkan's latitudinal gradient
Tom Levanič, Matjaž Čater, 2019

Abstract: At the 1000km geographical distance in Dinaric montane forests of silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) and European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.), the tree response from the north-western sites towards southern, warmer and dryer sites was performed during three consecutive growing seasons (2011, 2012 and 2013). On eleven permanent plots, positioned in uneven-aged beech and fir forests above 800m along the geographical gradient, the physiological and morphological response to light intensity were measured in predefined light categories based on the analysis of hemispherical photos. Radial growth was analysed on all plots and compared to precipitation, temperature and two drought indexes. Analysis showed a decrease in the cumulative precipitation and no change in temperature between plots. Beech was most efficient in the open area light conditions, while fir proved most efficient under shelter. Physiological response for beech increased towards SE and reached its maximal values in the middle of transect, while fir%s response decreased from the NW towards SE. Tendency to plagiotropic growth decreased from NW to SE in both species. Growth response to climatic parameters is weak, stronger in fir than in beech and decreasing towards SE.
Keywords: beech, uneven aged forests, silviculture, latitudinal gradient, response, silver fir
DiRROS - Published: 13.11.2019; Views: 401; Downloads: 225
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23.
Effect of spatial scale and harvest on heterogeneity of forest floor CO2 efflux in a sessile oak forest
Eva Dařenová, Matjaž Čater, 2020

Abstract: Soil respiration is the second largest flux of carbon between terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere and it is substantially sensitive to climate change. Monitoring CO2 efflux and its upscaling from field measurements to the ecosystem level is a complex task, due to the high spatial and temporal variability of the fluxes. Human intervention, e.g. through forest harvest, may change both CO2 efflux and its spatial heterogeneity. The objective of our study was to quantify spatial heterogeneity of soil CO2 efflux within and among plots distributed within a topographically variable sessile oak forest stand before and after harvesting. Forest floor CO2 efflux, soil temperature and soil water content were measured monthly in a sessile oak forest during two growing seasons: one before and one after harvesting. Stand structure characteristics (gap fraction, leaf area index, tree number and size) and the amount of understory also were determined. Relationships between individual variables and spatial heterogeneity were analyzed. The small-scale spatial heterogeneity (expresses as the coefficient of variation) of forest floor CO2 efflux and soil water content (SWC) in the undisturbed forest was low, at maximum 0.22 and 0.13, respectively. Studied variables had no effect on spatial heterogeneity of forest floor CO2 efflux except for the amount of understorey vegetation which positively correlated with forest floor CO2 efflux. Although the studied forest was situated in topographically variable terrain, we observed that inter-plot heterogeneity of forest floor CO2 efflux was lower than that within plots. Stand harvest increased the intra-plot heterogeneity of forest floor CO2 efflux but did not affect the inter-plot heterogeneity. This leads to the conclusion that the number of positions within an individual plot should increase after harvest but the number of plots may remain unchanged to determine adequately ecosystem forest floor CO2 efflux.
Keywords: gap fraction, LAI, Quercus petraea, soil respiration, soil water content
DiRROS - Published: 20.02.2020; Views: 124; Downloads: 67
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24.
Different structure of sessile oak stands affects soil moisture and soil CO2 efflux
Eva Dařenová, Matjaž Čater, 2018

Abstract: Soil moisture, soil CO2 efflux (RS), and isotopic composition of RS (%R) were studied in three sessile oak forest stands with different management practice: a high forest (HF), a high forest converted from coppice stand (CHF), and a coppice forest (CF). Measurements were taken monthly, with each position described by light parameters. RS was driven by temperature and moisture. RS increased dramatically with moisture in relatively dry soil, while they remained on the same level when moisture exceeded 13%. Differences in mean soil moisture and RS normalized for 10 °C (R10) among the stands usually followed the pattern HF > CF > CHF. The %R was highest in CHF, but during drought the pattern was HF > CHF > CF. To test the effect of stand structure on soil moisture and R10, we analyzed relationship of these variables to light parameters calculated for the angles of 60° and 180°. Subsequently, we analyzed data from all measured positions divided according to gap fraction into six groups. The results showed that forest floor shading by the canopy decreases moisture regardless of stand type, but no significant relationship was found between the light parameters and R10. We may conclude that soil moisture is affected by canopy structure and RS by stand type.
Keywords: gap fraction, LAI, light parameters, Quercus petraea, soil respiration
DiRROS - Published: 20.02.2020; Views: 139; Downloads: 128
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25.
Forests and forestry in Slovenia: Continuous Forest Cover Management (CONFOCO) project
2020

DiRROS - Published: 23.04.2020; Views: 196; Downloads: 0

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