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Query: "author" (Martina Lavrič) .

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Vpliv vremenskih razmer na lesno-anatomske značilnosti pri puhastem hrastu s Podgorskega Krasa
Martina Lavrič, Jožica Gričar, 2016

Abstract: V okviru raziskave smo se osredotočili na vpliv vremenskih dejavnikov na lesno-anatomske značilnosti puhastega hrasta (Quercus pubescens Willd.), ki je ena od dominantnih domorodnih drevesnih vrst v slovenskem Submediteranu. V obdobju 2009%2014 smo raziskali povezave med različnimi lesno-anatomskimi parametri (končna širina branike, širina kasnega in ranega lesa ter premer, površina in število trahej ranega lesa) in vremenskimi dejavniki (padavine, temperatura in vsebnost vode v tleh). Zanimal nas je tudi potencial izbranih lesno-anatomskih parametrov ter komplementarnost oziroma enakovrednost le-teh za proučevanje podnebja na Podgorskem krasu. Preliminarni rezultati so pokazali, da so bili anatomski parametri povezani predvsem s temperaturo. Širina ranega lesa in površina trahej ranega lesa sta bili pozitivno povezani z maksimalno temperaturo, število trahej v ranem lesu in širina lesne branike pa pozitivno povezana s povprečno temperaturo v obdobju pred in na začetku kambijeve aktivnosti (januar%maj). To nakazuje, da vremenske razmere v navedenem obdobju pomembno vplivajo na hidravlične lastnosti ksilema. Pri širini kasnega lesa smo ugotovili največ povezav s temperaturo v poletnih mesecih, pri trahejah ranega lesa pa s temperaturo v obdobju januar%april. Vpliva padavin na razvoj ksilemske branike z našimi rezultati nismo potrdili. Ugotovili smo, da so širina kasnega lesa in značilnosti trahej ranega lesa primerni lesno-anatomski parametri, ki vsebujejo komplementarne informacije o vplivu vremenskih razmer na debelinsko rast puhastega hrasta. Poudariti je treba, da so bile naše analize opravljene v razmeroma kratkem časovnem obdobju in da bi bile za natančnejše rastno-podnebne zveze potrebne dodatne dolgoletne študije.
Keywords: Quercus pubescens, kras, vreme, anatomija lesa, lesna branika, kasni les, rani les, traheja
DiRROS - Published: 06.03.2017; Views: 2912; Downloads: 86
.pdf Fulltext (913,15 KB)

Effect of soil water availability on intra-annual xylem and phloem formation and non-structural carbohydrate pools in stem of Quercus pubescens
Jožica Gričar, Saša Zavadlav, Tuula Jyske, Martina Lavrič, Tapio Laakso, Polona Hafner, Klemen Eler, Dominik Vodnik, 2019

Abstract: Non-structural carbohydrates (NSCs, i.e., starch and soluble sugars) are frequently quantified in the context of tree response to stressful events (e.g., drought), because they serve as a carbon reservoir for growth and respiration, as well as providing a critical osmotic function to maintain turgor and vascular transport under different environmental conditions. We investigated the impact of soil water availability on intra-annual leaf phenology, radial growth dynamics and variation in NSC amounts in the stem of pubescent oak (Quercus pubescens Willd.). from a sub-Mediterranean region. For this purpose, trees growing at two nearby plots differing in bedrock and, consequently, soil characteristics (F-eutric cambisol on eocene flysch bedrock and L-rendzic leptosol on paleogenic limestone bedrock) were sampled. Non-structural carbohydrates were analysed in outer xylem and living phloem (separately for non-collapsed and collapsed parts). Results showed that xylem and phloem increments were 41.6 % and 21.2 %, respectively, wider in trees from F plot due to a higher rate of cell production. In contrast, the amount of NSCs and of soluble sugars significantly differed among the tissue parts and sampling dates but not between the two plots. Starch amounts were the highest in xylem, which could be explained by the abundance of xylem parenchyma cells. Two clear seasonal peaks of the starch amount were detected in all tissues, the first in September%November, in the period of leaf colouring and falling, and the second in March-April, i.e., at the onset of cambial cell production followed by bud development. The amounts of free sugars were highest in inner phloem + cambium, at the sites of active growth. Soil water availability substantially influenced secondary growth in the stem of Q. pubescens, whereas NSC amounts seemed to be less affected. The results show how the intricate relationships between soil properties, such as water availability, and tree performance should be considered when studying the impact of stressful events on the growth and functioning of trees.
Keywords: cambium, free sugars, pubescent oak, radial growth, starch
DiRROS - Published: 20.02.2020; Views: 5; Downloads: 4
URL Fulltext (0,00 KB)

Tree differences in primary and secondary growth drive convergent scaling in leaf area to sapwood area across Europe
Giai Petit, Georg von Arx, Natasa Kiorapostolou, Silvia Lechthaler, Angela Luisa Prendin, Tommaso Anfodillo, Maria C. Caldeira, Jožica Gričar, Martina Lavrič, 2018

Abstract: Trees scale leaf (AL) and xylem (AX) areas to couple leaf transpiration and carbon gain with xylem water transport. Some species are known to acclimate in AL : AX balance in response to climate conditions, but whether trees of different species acclimate in AL : AX in similar ways over their entire (continental) distributions is unknown. We analyzed the species and climate effects on the scaling of AL vs AX in branches of conifers (Pinus sylvestris, Picea abies) and broadleaved (Betula pendula, Populus tremula) sampled across a continental wide transect in Europe. Along the branch axis, AL and AX change in equal proportion (isometric scaling: b % 1) as for trees. Branches of similar length converged in the scaling of AL vs AX with an exponent of b = 0.58 across European climates irrespective of species. Branches of slow%growing trees from Northern and Southern regions preferentially allocated into new leaf rather than xylem area, with older xylem rings contributing to maintaining total xylem conductivity. In conclusion, trees in contrasting climates adjust their functional balance between water transport and leaf transpiration by maintaining biomass allocation to leaves, and adjusting their growth rate and xylem production to maintain xylem conductance.
Keywords: allocation, climate change, functional balance, leaf area, plantarchitecture, xylem
DiRROS - Published: 20.02.2020; Views: 13; Downloads: 7
URL Fulltext (0,00 KB)

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